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Mexico Welcome
Guide for living and working in Mexico
A guide, information, advice and useful addresses to be able to leave well-informed.
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Mexico Welcome

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Mexico (fr)
Mexique (fr)
Mexique (fr)

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Professional offshore services provider specializing in Seychelles Jurisdiction, bank accounts, yacht registration


City Ville Guide

Political Status
Mexico is a federal republic made up of 31 states and a federal district. It has a presidential regime.
The constitution was drawn up in 1857, but has been modified three times since.

The President, who holds the executive power, can be elected for one six-year term of office, he cannot stand for re-election. The present President is Mr Vicente Fox, who took office on 1st December 2000.
The legislative power is held by two chambers, the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.
There are 500 deputies who are elected for a three year term of office by general election (300 by majority vote, 200 by proportional representation).
There are 128 members in the Senate (4 for each State and 4 representing the Federal District), who are elected by general election for a period of six years, half of whom are renewable every three years.
Mexico has a pluralistic political system. The PRI (Institutional revolutionary party) which has been in power since 1929, lost the presidential elections on 2nd July 2000. Vicente Fox, a member of PAN (National action party), a central right winger, who presented himself as "the man of change" took over from Ernesto Zedillo on 1st December 2000.

Short historical outline
1519 : Cortes landed with his conquistadores
1821 : Mexican independence. Founding of the empire with Itubide 1st (1822-1823)
1824 : 1st Republic
1846 : Mexican war with the United States. Mexico lost several territories (Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, California, Arizona, Utah).
1857 : beginning of the civil war following the action of the reformer Benito Juarez (1806-1873, the Mexican national hero, who gave the country its freedom and its independence. He organized the resistance movement against the Emperor Maximilian and managed to win with the help of the United States. He became Mexico's first Indian president.)
1864 : Maximilian of Austria became emperor with the help of France. He was executed by firing squad in 1867.
1910 : after the autocracy of General Porfirio Diaz, followed a revolutionary period when Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata became famous
1917 : a new constitution was drawn up when the PRI (the institutional revolutionary party) came to power. They stayed in power until 1st December 2000.

More recently

1982-1988 : President Miguel de la Madrid who initiated reforms of the economic structures
1988-1994 : President Carlos Salinas
1st January 1994 : NAFTA agreement (North American Free Trade Agreement between Mexico, the United States and Canada).
1994 : year of crises :
- in the State of Chiapas, where the Indians led by Zapatist revolutionaries (under the Sub Commandante Marcos) revolted the 1st January 1994.
- Luis Colosio, the candidate delegated by the PRI was assassinated
- the Mexican currency was devaluated following a deep recession (1995)
August 1994 : presidential election : Ernesto Zedillo (PRI) is elected
2nd July 2000 : legislative elections won by the PAN after 71 years of PRI domination
1st December 2000 : Vicente Fox took over from Ernesto Zedillo

Geographical situation
Geographically Mexico belongs to Central America. It is situated between the United States in the north and Guatemala in the South. The east coast is washed by the Mexican Gulf and the west coast by the Pacific Ocean.

Its borders are : United States 3,326 kms, Guatemala 962 kms, Belize 250 kms, and 9,300 kms of coastline.

The total surface of the country is 1,958,201 square kilometers (4 times that of France).
Mexico is the biggest Indian country on the American continent and also the biggest Spanish speaking country.

The geographical relief is varied : mountains, plains, high plateaus and desert.

The states are : (on the west coast (Pacific Ocean ) and interior)
Lower California (with the islands of Guadalupe and Cedros), the main towns are Tijuana and Mexicali
Southern Lower California, the main town is La Paz
Sonora, the main town is Hermosillo
Chihauhua, with a main town of the same name
Sinaloa, the main town is Culiacan (Rosales)
Durango, the main town is Victoria de Durango
Nayarit, the main town is Tepic
Zacatecas, with a main town of the same name
Aguascalientes, with a main town of the same name
Guanajuata, with a main town of the same name
Jalisco, the main town is Guadalajare
Colima, with a main town of the same name
Michoacan, the main town is Morelia
Morelos, the main town is Cuernayaca
Guerrero, the main town is Chilpancingo de los Bravos,
Puebla, the main town is Puebla de Zaragoza
Oaxaca, the main town is Oaxaca de Juarez
Ciapas, the main town is Tuxtla Gutiérrez,

East coast (Mexican Gulf) and interior :
Quintana Roo, the main town is Chetumal
Yucatan, the main town is Merida
Campeche, with a main town of the same name
Tabasco, the main town is Villahermoza
Veracruz, the main town is Jalapa (Enriquez)
Puebla, with a main town of the same name
Tlaxcala, with a main town of the same name
Hidalgo, the main town is Pachucuca de Soto
Queretaro, with a main town of the same name
San Luis Potosi, with a main town of the same name
Tamaulipas, the main town is Ciudad Victoria
Nuevo Leon, the main town is Monterrey
Coahuila, the main town is Saltillo
and Mexico with Toluca de Lerdo and Mexico City

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